Stranger Than Nonfiction – Author Andrew Lam Busts the Online Homework Racket

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SAN FRANCISCO–“Dear Mr. Lam. I loved your essay, ‘The Palmist,’ but I can’t figure out what the main theme is. Is it dying and being all alone? My teacher suggests I read more of your writing… I’m glad I found you online…. Thank you very much for your help.”

The e-mail from, let’s call him, “Evan,” is not atypical. Students assigned my work sometimes reached out to me for help. “The Palmist,” however, is not an essay but a short story in my new collection, Birds of Paradise Lost. Its claim to fame was that it was read on PRI’s Selected Shorts a few years ago by not just one but two well known actors: David Strathairn, who played journalist Edward R. Murrow in Good Night and Good Luck, and later by James Naughton of Gossip Girl.

Not Sure? Ask the Author

But never mind all that; for Evan it is immaterial. What’s more important is to have the answer, the main theme, since his paper is due. And who better than from the author himself?

This is not, mind you, the first time someone wrote me for help with his or her homework. A classic e-mail I got some years ago was from a young woman named Dao. Her message came with the word “HELP” in caps in the subject line.

“Dear Mr. Lam,” it says, “My name is Dao and I am having difficulties with my essay in my English class. I am reading one of your short stories for class assignment called ‘Grandma’s Tales.’ It is a really good story but I can’t seem to find the REAL theme of the story. Can you please help me?”

Grandma’s Tales, too, is collected in Birds of Paradise Lost. But to be perfectly honest, I didn’t have a theme in mind when I wrote that tongue-in-cheek story about a Vietnamese grandmother who dies, comes back to life and goes to a party with her grandson.

I once suggested a possible theme to another student but his teacher apparently didn’t like the answer. She told him he had best find a more serious theme and rewrite his paper if he wanted to receive a better grade.

The situation reminded me of Rodney Dangerfield as wealthy Thorton Melon, who went to the source with style in Back to School.  Mr. Melon, deciding to go back to school in his 50’s, hired the great Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. (who played himself in the movie) to write a paper about his own books, but the scheme backfired. Melon’s English professor, Diane Turner, was disappointed with the result. “Whoever wrote it didn’t know the first thing about Kurt Vonnegut,” she told him curtly, no pun intended. But, at least, Vonnegut got paid.

Old Homework for Sale

Still, going to the source is admittedly rare. Students don’t usually e-mail writers to help with their homework. No, increasingly, it would seem that they’d go online to look for other people’s homework instead.

“NEED HELP ASAP ENG/125,” is a post by a student on on Jul. 30, 2012. “Has anyone read the non-fiction stories?” the student asked. The “non-fiction stories,” also known as essays, are: “Who Will Light Incense When Mother’s Gone,” by Andrew Lam, (yours truly), Langston Hughes’ “Salvation,” Gretel Ehrlich’s “About Men,” and Joan Didion’s “On Going Home.”

While it is flattering as hell to even be mentioned in the same sentence with these great writers, let alone having one’s work compared and contrasted with theirs, it is equally distressing to know that students are offering between $1 to $10 dollar for someone else’s work ASAP, so as to avoid thinking. What the student would do with the $10 dollar tutorial afterward is up to him, of course–perhaps after rearranging sentences and phrases enough to escape software programs that catch that sort of thing?

The assignment: “Select two of these four writers and write a 1,400-1,700 word paper that would answer some of these questions: ‘What makes each of the selection non-fiction?’ and, ‘How is imagination required for writing and reading nonfiction? Why or why not?’”

Clearly the issue of imagination required here is not the literary kind and the bulk of critical thinking is used for anything but literature. It is spent in good part on methods that garner good grades – be it e-mailing the authors or buying old homework online — without having to think about the work itself.

And if the student is still dissatisfied with Students of Fortune’s offerings, there’s always, which advertises to inspire “better grade” – a kind of Ebay for old homeworkassignments, as it were. On Studymode you can “supplement your classroom learning and boost your grades with help from our powerful site features.” After all, it’s where– egad! — “6 million students reference us every month!!!” offers some old essays that compared Langston Hughes’ “Salvation” and my essay, “Who Will Light Incense When Mother’s Gone.” But since I didn’t pay, I only got a partial glimpse of some of them, and though not greatly instructed, I remain oddly jealous.

Had I gotten half of the help the new generations are accessing, I would have flown through my English courses, instead of failing them at Berkeley, and–to my shame—had to take Subject A, a remedial course that remains a sore point surely for any published author. (In my defense, however, I did think for myself; I just wrote badly, due to the fact that English is my third language and I was still wearing donated jackets from Pendleton, the Vietnamese refugee camp.)

Trouble for Everyone

But I digress. Let’s get back to the main theme here, which seems to be the trouble for everyone involved.

There is something endearingly naïve about the search for easy answers in literature in general, and how students approach them as if it’s a simple math problem. What the student wanted is a clear-cut answer. He wanted to know the short story’s main theme, and assumed that I have it, and were I to hand it over, he would instantly get that much-coveted “A.”

If x=5 and y=3 and 10/x + 4 – y= Z, which is really the main theme of “The Palmist”, then what is Z? The answer is 3, and, for all practical purposes, it may very well equal aging and dying all alone.

On wiki.answer, too, someone I assume to be a student asked: “Can you answer this question? What is the definition of Andrew Lam’s Who will light incense when mothers gone?”

While it flatters me to know that some of my work is being taught in highschools and colleges, and that I have done my share in confounding the mind of students near and far, it never fails to astound me what some of these young people would do to avoid thinking.

Alas, the problem with literature is that “the definition” and the “real” theme are never obvious, if they exist at all when a writer sets out to write. If a story is any good, be it fiction or nonfiction, it leaves a deep impression from which the reader reflects and discerns experiential meanings. Readers’ sensibilities play a strong role in coming up with a theme, or a few themes, if he or she were to think critically at all about the work.

Surely, it involves one’s own imagination.

A Clear Answer—If You Pay

But according to, there’s a clear answer. “Who Will Light Incense When Mother’s Gone?” it notes, is “an attempt to reflect on the cultural changes which take place in people’s lives when they immigrate to the United States… This question is not only about one particular cultural ritual, but is actually a discussion about how people’s lives, and their cultural beliefs change when they immigrate to America.” There’s more but you’ll have to sign up to be a member before you can read the rest.

So —  “Dear Evan: It may not occur to you that there might be more than one theme to any story, and that, more often than not, there are no wrong answers in literature, only well-argued propositions. May I suggest, as I suggested to others who come asking for main or real themes, you read ‘The Palmist’ aloud to a few friends who can listen well? They’ll probably have a better answer than I do. And once you figured out what that theme is and write it up, do put it up in or some such websites. And when I can afford membership, I’ll be sure to read it at leisure.”

New America Media editor, Andrew Lam is the author of “Perfume Dreams: Reflections on the Vietnamese Diaspora” (Heyday Books, 2005), which won a Pen American “Beyond the Margins” award and where the above essay is excerpted, and “East Eats West: Writing in Two Hemispheres” where the above essay was excerpted. His latest book, “Birds of Paradise Lost” is due out March 01, 2013. He has lectured and read his work widely at many universities. 

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